Bible Order: Job 38:1–40:2
Chronological Order: 2 Chronicles 2-3, 1 Kings 5-6
New Testament Only: John 13:31–14:14
The Family Tree
Here we go again. So and so had this son and that son, and they had this son and that son, and so on and so on and so on. My eyes are getting droopy! In order to stay awake through this listing of genealogy we need to understand the purpose for its inclusion in Holy Scripture. I have mentioned before that everything in the Bible points to Christ. The Bible is the story of God’s redemptive plan for humanity. The plot of this story is driven by God’s promise of a savior to be born of Adam, Abraham, Jacob/Israel, Judah, and David. The genealogy is given to us here so we won’t lose track.
Much of what we are reading right now has been given to us in other parts of Scripture but now we are doing a little recap because Israel has been scattered far and wide. This dispersion has made it harder to keep track of the lineage. This lineage is extremely important because it is the thread that weaves throughout the Bible story and leads us to Jesus Christ. Can you think of any other people group in the history of human kind that can walk you back into antiquity son by son to the beginning? At any rate, look at Matthew 1:1. The first book of the New Testament, chapter 1, verse 1, begins with the genealogy of Jesus Christ. Jesus is the fulfillment of God’s promise of salvation and He has the genealogy to prove it.
The pattern of presenting this genealogy in 1 Chronicles duplicates the pattern from Genesis. This is a pattern that walks through the rejected lines of descendants first, followed by the line that will lead to the Lord Jesus Christ. There are names here that we haven’t heard before and there is a reason for sharing them here. I’m going to take a verse of scripture from tomorrow’s reading to illustrate this point. Look at the following reference to the sons of David:
1 Chronicles 3:5 ESV
“These were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon, four by Bath-shua, the daughter of Ammiel;”
I found the following expert from “Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee” illuminating:
“Did you ever hear of Shimea and Shobab? We know Solomon, but who is Nathan? Well, if you go over to the genealogy of the Lord Jesus, which is recorded in the Gospel of Luke, you will find that the line goes through Nathan rather than through Solomon. Mary, the mother of Jesus, traced her ancestry through Nathan, while Joseph’s genealogy is traced through Solomon. In Matthew we see that the Lord Jesus gets His legal title to the throne of David through Solomon, and in Luke we see that He gets His blood title to the throne of David through Nathan. This is very important, because in the ancestry of Solomon, Jeconiah (whom the Lord calls Coniah) appears, and the Lord declares that “… no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah” (Jer. 22:30). This one man produced a short circuit in the line leading to the Messiah, which is further proof that Joseph could not be the father of the Lord Jesus and that Jesus must be virgin born.”
Today I’ll leave you with an outline of 1 Chronicles – also provided by “Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee”. Tomorrow I’ll provide a little background about the book.
I. Genealogies, Chapters 1–9
II. Saul’s Reign, Chapter 10
III. David’s Reign, Chapters 11–29
A. David’s Mighty Men, Chapters 11–12
B. David and the Ark, Chapters 13–16
C. David and the Temple, Chapter 17
D. David’s Wars, Chapters 18–20
E. David’s Sin in Numbering People, Chapter 21
F. David’s Preparation and Organization for Building the Temple, Chapters 22–29
Have a blessed day!
Your brother and servant in Christ,
Dying to self, living to serve!
(Originally posted 5/3/10)